Jan Cioe

Jan Don Domenico Cioe, Ph.D., R.Psych.
Associate Professor - Psychology Department
University of British Columbia - Okanagan
3333 University Way, Kelowna, BC
Canada V1V 1V7

Tel: 250.807.8732
Email: jan.cioe@ubc.ca

Research Interests

I have research interest in two broad areas. Each year I go to the University of Lethbridge and work in Dr. Bryan Kolb’s labs on the issue of recovery of function after brain damage. This work is primarily done using the laboratory rat. I am part of very active basic research programme under Dr. Kolb’s direction. The second area of interest is in sexuality: Kolb and I have also done some work on sex differences in the recovery of function area. This area, however, is primary a result of the applied work I do. I co-facilitate the Kelowna Sex Offender Treatment Programme for the provincial Ministry of Health.

I have focused my research activities at UBCO on the undergraduate students. I have had a number of research projects driven by my undergraduate students, including a research project [Sexual Abuse in the Okanagan Valley] which examined the Crown Counsel files involving sexual offences. This study was conducted with Jeanni Jones [who has recently completed her Masters degree in counselling psychology] and Kerri-Lynn Bjornson, who also pursued a Masters in counselling. This project has also provided material for an undergraduate thesis for Kevin Langergraber who is working on a Doctorate in primatology at the University of Michigan. Another former student, Greg Fortnum, did an undergraduate thesis on a social learning model of risk-taking behaviours [i.e., drug and alcohol use; sexual behaviour] on a school sample. Peter de Bosh Kemper's undergraduate project examined the extent of gay bashing in the Okanagan Valley and its relationship to routine activities theory. Brenda Forester's honours thesis was a phenomenological examination of the transition of divorce on three women's sense of self; she completed her Masters in counselling and is now in private practice. Matt Burnett worked on a project to see if psychopathic offenders can be differentiated from nonpsychopathic offenders based on how they recall a list of words [they can]; he is currently completing a PhD in clinical psychology at the U of Saskatchewan. Greg Fortnum, who was working as a Parole Officer for Corrections Canada at the time, assisted Matt in getting access to his participants; Greg is now an Assistant Warden. Jonathan Brown’s thesis, “Assessing the role of individual differences in accepting rape myth: Rating blame in sexual assault scenarios,” looked at various situations in which the victim was held responsible; Jon is now in the Interdisciplinary Doctoral program at UBCO after completing his Masters at the U. of Saskatchewan in Psychology. Lori Meckelborg did her research on what constitutes bullying from both the perspective of both teachers and parents; she accepted a well-paying job as a researcher with a First Nation’s health project following her BA. Justus Smith was interested in stalking behaviour and came up with a novel way to conceptualize the issue by considering some forms of stalking as human courtship dysfunction based on an inability to recognize rejection. Jocelyn Wentland’s honours thesis can be accessed directly from this site: Women Who Engage in Casual Sex: An Analysis of Predictive Factors - [PDF]; Jocelyn has just completed her Masters at the University of Guelph under the supervision of Dr. Edward Herold and has accepted a job on women’s health project.

This year [2006-07], Ava Agar is completing her honours thesis on mediators in the development of intimate relationships; she looked at the role that fathers and father role models play in both sexual and personal intimate relationships. Aliisa Humphries has studied the female post-orgasmic refractory period, arguing that women also have a refractory period of heightened clitoral sensitivity after climaxing. Lisa Martin is examining the relationship between academic performance and measures of motivation, hope, and optimism. Carly Robertson is using scenarios to help determine whether the Supreme Court’s conception of what constitutes child physical abuse is shared by the general population of parents. Andy Buch is looking at a variety of coping strategies used by university students, including the use of sex as a way to relieve stress.

Research Results

Paired-Associate Task

This study examined the effects of imagery on learning concrete and abstract paired-associates when meaningfulness was controlled. Participants (N = 204) were assigned to concrete or abstract word groups. Data were collected on method used for recall, word recall, decoding errors, gender of participants, and gender of researcher. Concrete words were recalled significantly (" =. 05) more often than abstract words. There was a significant relationship between group assignment and method used for recall. Participants in the concrete group who used imagery or sentences and phrases recalled more paired-associates than participants who used other methods. Within the abstract group, method of recall was not significantly related to number of words recalled. Finally, within the concrete group, decoding errors occurred significantly more often for participants who used imagery as a method of recall.

Summary for Student Research Projects

Potential Mediators in the Development of Intimate Relationships [Agar, 2006]

K. van Schaick & A. Stolberg (2001) accounted for intimate relationship outcomes between adult children from intact and divorced families by examining the role of paternal involvement; however, the potential mediating effect of other male models was not investigated. This study examined the effects of parental marital status, paternal involvement, and male model involvement on adult children’s intimate relationships. The Miller Social Intimacy Scale, the Commitment Scale, the Hendricks Sexual Attitudes Scale, the Sexual Behaviour Inventory, and the Paternal Involvement Inventory were administered to 66 men and 237 women, aged 19 to 56, at the University of British Columbia Okanagan. All the results were not significant; however, despite the statistical shortcomings, the hypotheses make logical extensions from social learning theory and the socialization perspective and should be pursued in a different geographical local.

The Post-Orgasmic Refractory Period of Women [Humphries, 2006]

According to the literature, men experience the male refractory period (MRP) after orgasm but women do not experience a post-orgasmic refractory period. It is necessary, however, to redefine the concept of a refractory period to include the female perspective. The genitalia of men and women are formed from the same embryonic tissue and the physiology of men and women is homologous. The endocrine response to orgasm is the same in women as it is in men (i.e., release of prolactin), which is thought to cause the subsequent refractory period in men. It was therefore hypothesized that women experience similar post-orgasmic sensations to those of men. The data support the hypothesis and it is therefore important to reconceptualize the MRP to include the female perspective.

Short History

Professional Positions

  • University Professor, 2005-present,
    UBC Okanangan, Deptartment of Psychology
  • College Professor, 1990-2005, 
    Okanagan University College, Dept. of Psychology [Kelowna]
  • Sessional Psychologist, 1988-present, 
    Ministry of Health -- Adult Forensic Psychiatric Services / John Howard Society [Prince George & Kelowna]
  • Adjunct Professor, 1991- present, 
    University of Lethbridge, Dept. of Psychology and Neuroscience [Lethbridge]
  • Instructor, 1975-90 [leaves 82/83, 86/87], 
    College of New Caledonia, Depts. of Psychology and Criminology [Prince George]
  • President, 1982-83, 
    College-Institute Educators' Association [Vancouver]
  • Visiting Assistant Professor, Summer 1981 & 1980, 
    University of Lethbridge, Dept. of Psychology [Lethbridge]
  • Visiting Lecturer, Summer 1977 & 1974-75, 
    University of Western Ontario, Dept. of Psychology [London]

Academic Background

Undergraduate Education

  • University of Toronto, 1966-70, Honours B.A. (Psychology)

Graduate Education

  • University of Cambridge (England), 1986-87, M.Phil. (Criminology)
  • Selected aspects of the biopsychology of human aggression and violence. M.Phil. David P. Farrington, Professor (Institute of Criminology).
  • University of Western Ontario, 1972-78, Ph.D. (Physiological and Comparative Psychology)
  • Electrically elicited feeding: A dissociation from "natural" feeding and catecholamine involvement. Ph.D. Gordon J. Mogenson, Professor (Depts. of Psychology and Physiology).
  • University of Western Ontario, 1971-72, M.A. (Physiological and Comparative Psychology)
  • A comparison of the relative efficiency of sine wave and symmetrical rectangular wave stimulation in maintaining self-stimulation at various frequencies. M.A. Gordon J. Mogenson, Professor (Depts. of Psychology and Physiology).

Special Professional Memberships

  • Registered Psychologist (B.C.)
  • Clinical Member of the Association for the Treatment of Sexual Offenders
  • Member of the Society for the Scientific Study of Sexuality

Publications

Kolb, B., & Cioe, J. (2004). Organization and plasticity of the prefrontal cortex of the rat. In S. Otani (Ed.), Prefrontal cortex: From synaptic plasticity to cognition (pp. 1-32). Kluwer Academic Publishers. New York.

Kolb, B., & Cioe, J. (2004). "Neuronal organization and change after neonatal injury". In E. Ponsford (Ed.), Cognitive and behavioral rehabilitation (pp. 7-29). The Guilford Press. New York.

Kolb, B., & Cioe, J. (2003). Recovery from early cortical damage in rats. IX. Differential behavioral and anatomical effects of temporal cortex lesions at different ages of neural maturation". BEHAVIOURAL Brain Research, 144(1-2), 67-76.

Kolb, B., & Cioe, J. (2001). Cryoanethesia on postnatal day 1, but not day 10, affects adult behavior and cortical morphology in rats". Developmental Brain Research, 130(1), 9-14.

Kolb, B., & Cioe, J. (2000). Recovery from early cortical damage in rats, VIII. Earlier may be worse: Behavioural dysfunction and abnormal cerebral morphogenesis following perinatal frontal cortical lesions in the rat". Neuropharmacology, 39(5), 756-764.

Kolb, B., Cioe, J., & Whishaw, I. Q. (2000). Is there an optimal age for recovery from motor cortex lesions? I. Behavioral and anatomical sequelae of bilateral motor cortex lesions in rats on postnatal days 1, 10, and in adulthood. Brain Research, 882(1-2), 62-74.

Kolb, B., Cioe, J., Whishaw, I. Q. (2000). Is there an optimal age for recovery from motor lesions? II. Behavioral and anatomical consequences of unilateral motor cortex lesions in perinatal, infant, and adult rats. Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience,17(2-3), 61-70.

Kolb, B., & Cioe, J. (2000). Recovery from early cortical damage in rats, VII. Earlier may be worse: Behavioural dysfunction and abnormal cerebral morphogenesis following perinatal frontal cortical lesions in rats. Neuropharmacology, 39, 756-764.

Kolb, B., & Cioe, J. (1998). Absence of recovery or dendritic reorganization after neonatal posterior parietal lesions. Psychobiology, 26, 134-142.

Kolb, B., Cioe, J., & Muirhead, D. (1998). Cerebral morphology and functional sparing after prenatal frontal cortex lesions in rats. Behavioral Brain Research, 91, 143-155.

Kolb, B., Whishaw, I. Q., & Cioe, J. (1996). Brain. In Encyclopedia of human behavior (2nd ed.). Academic Press: New York, NY.

Kolb, B., & Cioe, J. (1996). Sex-related differences in cortical function after medial frontal lesions in rats. Behavioral Neuroscience, 110, 1271-1281.

Kolb, B., Petrie, B., & Cioe, J. (1996). Recovery from early cortical damage in rats. VII. Comparison of the behavioural and anatomical effects of medial prefrontal lesions at different ages of neural maturation. Behavioural Brain Research, 79, 1-13.

Kolb, B., Whishaw, I. Q., & Cioe, J. (1994). Brain. In Encyclopedia of human behavior. Academic Press: New York, NY.

Kolb, B., Muirhead, D., & Cioe, J. (1994). Neonatal frontal cortex grafts fail to attenuate behavioral deficits or abnormal cortical morphogenesis. Brain Research, 647, 15-22.

Cioe, J. (1992). The role of biopsychology in the study of aggression and violence in criminology. Pharos, 2, 1-18.

Cioe, J., Kolb, B., & Whishaw, I. Q. (1980). Eating and electroencephalographic activity following orbital frontal stimulation in rats. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 16, 359-362.

Whishaw, I. Q., Cioe, J., Previsch, H., & Kolb, B. (1977). The variability of the interaural line vs the stability of bregma in stereotaxic surgery. Physiology and Behavior, 19, 719-722.

Mogenson, G. J., & Cioe, J. (1977). Central reinforcement: A bridge between brain function and behavior. In V. W. Honig & J. E. R. Staddon (Eds.), Handbook of Operant Behavior (pp. 570-595). Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall.

Kolb, B., Cioe, J., & Whishaw, I. Q. (in press). Is there an optimal age for recovery from motor cortex lesions? I. Behavioral and anatomical sequelae of bilateral motor cortex lesions in rats on postnatal days 1, 10, and in adulthood. Developmental Brain Research.

Kolb, B., Cioe, J., Whishaw, I. Q. (in press). Is there an optimal age for recovery from motor lesions? II. Behavioral and anatomical consequences of unilateral motor cortex lesions in perinatal, infant, and adult rats. Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience.

Kolb, B., & Cioe, J. (2000). Recovery from early cortical damage in rats, VII. Earlier may be worse: Behavioural dysfunction and abnormal cerebral morphogenesis following perinatal frontal cortical lesions in rats. Neuropharmacology, 39, 756-764.

Kolb, B., & Cioe, J. (1998). Absence of recovery or dendritic reorganization after neonatal posterior parietal lesions. Psychobiology, 26, 134-142.

Kolb, B., Cioe, J., & Muirhead, D. (1998). Cerebral morphology and functional sparing after prenatal frontal cortex lesions in rats. Behavioral Brain Research, 91, 143-155.

Kolb, B., Whishaw, I. Q., & Cioe, J. (1996). Brain. In Encyclopedia of human behavior (2nd ed.). Academic Press:  New York, NY.

Kolb, B., & Cioe, J. (1996). Sex-related differences in cortical function after medial frontal lesions in rats. Behavioral Neuroscience, 110, 1271-1281.

Kolb, B., Petrie, B., & Cioe, J. (1996). Recovery from early cortical damage in rats. VII. Comparison of the behavioural and anatomical effects of medial prefrontal lesions at different ages of neural maturation. Behavioural Brain Research, 79, 1-13.

Kolb, B., Whishaw, I. Q., & Cioe, J. (1994). Brain. In Encyclopedia of human behavior. Academic Press:  New York, NY.

Kolb, B., Muirhead, D., & Cioe, J. (1994). Neonatal frontal cortex grafts fail to attenuate behavioral deficits or abnormal cortical morphogenesis. Brain Research, 647, 15-22.

Cioe, J. (1992). The role of biopsychology in the study of aggression and violence in criminology. Pharos, 2, 1-18.

Cioe, J., Kolb, B., & Whishaw, I. Q. (1980). Eating and electroencephalographic activity following orbital frontal stimulation in rats. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 16, 359-362.

Whishaw, I. Q., Cioe, J., Previsch, H., & Kolb, B. (1977). The variability of the interaural line vs the stability of bregma in stereotaxic surgery. Physiology and Behavior, 19, 719-722.

Mogenson, G. J., & Cioe, J. (1977). Central reinforcement: A bridge between brain function and behavior. In V. W. Honig & J. E. R. Staddon (Eds.),  Handbook of Operant Behavior (pp. 570-595). Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall.

Last reviewed shim5/29/2013 1:23:25 PM